Cannabigerol (CBG) is one of the many active compounds known as cannibinoid that occur in the cannabis sativa (Hemp) plant. Most people are familiar with the cannabidiol (CBD).
CBG also has no psychoactive properties but like other cannabinoids, CBG works by supporting the endocannabinoid system within our bodies.
The endocannabinoid system is a complex collection of receptors (CB1 and CB2 receptors) – chemicals called endocannabinoids, and enzymes.
What is CBG?
CBG is a cannabinoid found in higher concentrations in Hemp. CBG is actually the parent substance of both CBD and THC.
Both substances begin life as CBG, but in the growth process they develop into their final form.
CBGA is the acid that CBG comes from.
During the growth process, CBGA breaks into THCA and CBDA, the acid variants of THC and CBD.
In the drying process, under the influence of UV light, the acidic elements of these compounds are released and THC and CBD are formed.
While in most strains, CBD and THC are the substances are most present, CBG is a less present substance that is usually found as less than 1%.
To get the optimum in terms of quantity of this substance, the CBG is extracted in the early stages of the flowering of the hemp plant before the dissembling into the other substances starts.
This usually happens between the sixth and the eighth week of the flowering process when the CBG concentrations are the highest.
To understand CBG’s full importance, you would have to go back even further in the life of a cannabis sativa (hemp) plant. Without CBGA, none of the “big six” most widely-researched cannabinoids – THC, CBD, CBC, CBN, THCY or CBG – would exist.
All of these cannabinoids start out as CBGA before they are transformed by enzymes within the cannabis plants’ trichomes. As this reaction occurs, the CBGA synthesizes into THCA, CBDA, CBCA, and so on. During a typical flowering cycle, this process usually takes six to eight weeks.
There is only so much CBGA in a plant, so if large amounts of it synthesize into THCA, this leaves a smaller amount to transform into other cannabinoids (or continue on as CBGA). This is why most marijuana strains are high in THC, but relatively low in all the other cannabinoids.
This process has earned CBG – or more accurately, CBGA – the nickname of “the Mother of All Cannabinoids